Atrial septal defect closure (ASD)
How is an atrial septal defect treated?
Upon confirmation of an ASD, the treatment depends on the type and size of the defect, its effect on the heart, and whether any other related conditions such as pulmonary hypertension, valve disease or coronary artery disease are present. Your cardiologist is able to determine the best treatment for the ASD.
ASDs can be treated non-surgically (preferred method of treatment for most ASDs) however surgery might be needed to repair some types of ASDs particularly those that are very large. Surgical repair is usually performed using a tissue patch, preferably from the patient’s own pericardium (heart tissue). Some ASDs can be surgically closed with sutures alone. Prior to the introduction of a non-surgical approach, some 20 years ago, ASDs were only treated surgically, regardless of the type of defect.